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Lint AsyncAPI with Redocly CLI

Experimental AsyncAPI support

This feature is at an early stage, please use with caution and send us lots of feedback!

In addition to providing lint functionality for multiple OpenAPI formats, Redocly CLI also has support for AsyncAPI. Redocly CLI supports the following linting approaches with AsyncAPI documents:

Lint an existing AsyncAPI file

Redocly CLI takes its settings from a redocly.yaml configuration file. Below is an example of a simple configuration file for validating an AsyncAPI file is in the expected format:

  spec: error

The empty extends element instructs Redocly CLI not to use any existing rulesets, but to emit an error if the spec rule finds any problem. This rule checks that the document structure matches what is expected by the AsyncAPI specification.

With this configuration file, and your AsyncAPI description file (or use one of the existing examples), run the linting command:

redocly lint asyncapi.yaml

The output describes any structural problems with the document, or reports that it is valid.

AsyncAPI rules

To expand the linting checks for an AsyncAPI description, start by enabling some of the built-in rules. The currently-supported rules are:

  • info-contact: the Info section must contain a valid Contact field.
  • operation-operationId: every operation must have a valid operationId.
  • channels-kebab-case: channel names should be kebab-case (lowercase with hyphens).
  • no-channel-trailing-slash: channel names must not have trailing slashes in their names.
  • tag-description: all tags require a description.
  • tags-alphabetical: tags should be listed in the AsyncAPI file in alphabetical order.

We expect the list to expand over time, so keep checking back - and let us know if you have any requests by opening an issue on the GitHub repo.

To use a rule in your own linting setup, add the rule name to the rules configuration section, and declare the severity level (either error, warn or off). Here's an example of a rules block where a missing contact section causes a warning, and a tag without a description triggers an error:

  info-contact: warn
  tag-description: error

Pick and mix the available rules until you have the setup that fits your situation.

Configurable rule example

Redocly CLI also offers configurable rules that allow you to set assertions about the API description being linted, and this functionality works just as well for AsyncAPI as for OpenAPI. The following example shows a configurable rule that emits a warning if the title field is not present in the info block:

      type: Info
      property: title
      defined: true
    severity: warn

With the extensive configurable rules options available, there are many opportunities to make sure that your AsyncAPI spec conforms with expectations (we'd also love to see what you're building, it helps us know how things are going!).

:::info Custom plugins

For those users with advanced requirements and JavaScript skills, the custom plugins feature offers some extension points if you need them.


Supported protocols

AsyncAPI supports an ever-expanding list of protocols, here's the list of what's currently supported:

  • http
  • ws
  • kafka
  • anypointmq
  • amqp
  • amqp1
  • mqtt
  • mqtt5
  • nats
  • jms
  • sns
  • solace
  • sqs
  • stomp
  • redis
  • mercure

If you're using other protocols, you can still use Redocly CLI to lint an AsyncAPI description, but the details of those protocol bindings aren't validated and no problems are reported in those areas. The bindings listed above should all work as expected, however please open an issue if you see something that doesn't look right. It's an extensive standard and we don't use all these technologies ourselves, so your input is genuinely welcome.